Digging Tools

These are the styles of tools used to move earth to make many, many fortifications - and to dig trenches, saps and mines in attacks of these fortifications.  The source, printed in 1638: The Art of Fortification, or Architecture Militaire, as well Offensive as Defensive, compiled and set forth, Samuell Marolois, reviewed, augmented and corrected by Albert Girard, Mathematician, & Translated out of French into English by Henry Hexam (the title page is quoted).

Note the similarity with today's tools, even to the D-handle shovel.  The only item rarely used today outside grounds maintenance is #138, which is a fascine knife, used then to cut branches, saplings, etc. in the making of fascines (and sometimes today referred to as a billhook).

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2006, Barry L. Siler
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